A Model of Family Functioning based on Cohesion, Flexibility and Communication Across Family Life Cycle in Married Women

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Islamic Azad University, central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Cognitive Science and Human Development. Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)


The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between family dynamics (cohesion, flexibility and communication) and family functioning in family life cycles. The sample was selected by stratified random sampling from 500 Iranian married women. To collect data FACES IV and family function scale (McMaste) were used. Using structural equation modeling, the findings of this study provided an acceptable representation of the relationships between the variables. The findings also revealed that family flexibility had the greater impact on changes in family functioning than family cohesion.  While family communication did not directly predict the family functioning, but communications positively predicated family cohesion and family flexibility. Other findings showed the contribution of enmeshment on family cohesion and the contribution of rigid on family flexibility were very low.  However, comparison of models showed that different levels of cohesion and flexibility were different in stages of family life cycle. These findings can be helpful for family professionals to better understand family functioning.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 09 June 2019
  • Receive Date: 12 August 2018
  • Revise Date: 02 June 2019
  • Accept Date: 09 June 2019