The Effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy on depression, stress, anxiety and symptoms of migraine

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Migraine is a debilitating disease in world today. Depression, stress and anxiety could be mention as the most important psychological correlations with migraine. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy on depression, stress, anxiety and migraine's symptom. This quasi-experimental research conducted as pretest-posttest design with experimental and control group. The population consisted of all migraine patients in Tehran that was visited neurologists for treatment. Then 30 patients from population were selected and randomly divided in two groups (n = 15 per group).The instrument that used in this study was Ahvaz migraine headache questionnaire (Najarian, 1998), and the short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress (DASS-21) Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995). The dialectical behavior therapy program was conducted for interventional group in 12 session. Data was compared through covariance analysis. The results showed a significant difference between two groups as reduction of depression, stress, anxiety and migraine's symptom of DBT group compared with control groups. The implicit reference of this study showed the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy on decreasing the level of migraine's symptom and this effect through reduction of depression, anxiety and stress was confirmed.

Keywords



Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 24 February 2019
  • Receive Date: 06 October 2017
  • Revise Date: 16 February 2019
  • Accept Date: 24 February 2019