The Relationship between Belief in a Just World and Symptoms of Psychological Disorders in Burn Patients: The Intermediate Role of Coping Strategies

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, Khozestan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran/ Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of psychology, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

Abstract

The present research aims to investigate the relationship between belief in a just world (BJW) and the symptoms of psychological disorders given the intermediate role of coping strategies in burn patients. A total of 170 burn patients were selected from Rasht Burn Incident Center via random sampling and were introduced to the research. They filled the following psychological disorder questionnaires: Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R), Belief in a Just World Scale (Sutton & Douglas, 2005) and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) (Endler & Parker, 1990). The methodology of the research was the examination of correlation, and the proposed model was analyzed by means of structural equation modeling (SEM). Bootstrap technique was adopted to test the mediating effects in the proposed model. The results showed that BJW has a negative significant effect on psychological disorder symptoms in burn patients. Moreover, BJW has a positive significant effect on problem-focused coping strategy; however, it has a negative significant effect on emotion-focused and avoidance-focused coping strategies. The findings of the present study demonstrate the intermediate role of problem-, emotion- and avoidance-focused coping strategies in the relationship between BJW and symptoms of psychological disorders in burn patients.

Keywords


Abdollahian, A., Fayazi Bordbar, M. R., Rezai, J. R., & Ghani, M. (2004). Psychological problems in students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Mashhad University Medical Scienses, 8, 11-18. [Persian].

Abrams, T., Ogletree, R., Ratnapradipa, D., & Neumeister, M. (2016). Adult survivors lived experience of burns and post-burn health: Aqualitative analysis. Journal of Burns, 42, 152-162.

Adoric, V. C. (2011). Justice related beliefs and coping efficacy: a test of the adaptive functioning of the BJW. In D. Miljkovi_c, & M. Rijavec (Eds.), The 3rd International conference on advanced and systematic research, 1st scientific research symposium: Positive psychology in education, book of selected papers. Zagreb Croatia: Faculty of Teacher Education.

Arshadi, N. (2007). Design and testing a model of the antecedent and consequences of job motivation in the national staff of southern Ahvaz oil-rich areas. Industrial and organizational psychology doctoral dissertation. University of shahid chamran Ahvaz. [Persian].

Bavarsad, N. (2015). Relationship defens mechanisms, communication skills and belief in a just world with life satisfaction in individuals with substanc abuse in Masjed soleyman. Masterʼs dissertation of psychology, Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz. [Persian].

Berkel, H. (2009). The Relationship between Personaltty, Coping styles and Stress, Anxiety and Depression. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Canterbury.

Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1984). The role of coping responses and social resources in attenuating the stress of life events. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 4, 139-157.

Breso, E., Salanova, M., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2007). In search of the ‘third dimension’ of burnout: Efficacy or inefficacy. Journal of Applied Psychology, 56(3), 460-478.

Cosway, R., Endler, N., Sadler, A. J., & Deary, L. J. (2007). The coping inventory for stressful situations: factoria structure and associations with personality traits and psychological health. Journal of Appl Biobehav Res, 5, 121-43.

Dalbert, C. (2009). Belief in a just world. In M. R. Leary, & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior. New York: Guilford Publications.

Dalbert, C., & Donat, M. (2015). Belief in a Just World.. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, volume 2.

Dalbert, C., & Filke, E. (2007). Belief in a just world, justice judgments, and their functions for prisoners. Journal of Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1516-1527.

Derogatis, L. R., Rickels, K., & Rock, A. F. (1976). The SCL-90 and the MMPI—A step in the validation of a new self-report scale. Journal of Psychiatry, 128, 280–289.

Endler, N. D., & Parker, J. D. A. (1990). Multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation. Journal of Personality and Psychology, 54, 466-475.

 

Fitzsimmons, E. E., & Bardone-cone, A. N. (2010). Coping and social support as potential of the relation between anxiety and eating symptomatology. Journal of Eating Behavior, 10, 10-19.

Fox, C. L., Elder, T., Gater, J., & Johnson, E. (2010). The association between adolescents' beliefs in a just world and their attitudes to victims of bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80, 183-198.

Ghazanfari, F., & Kadampoor, A. (2008). The relationship between mental health and coping strategies in citizenship of Khoramabad city. The Quarterly Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 9(37), 41-54. [Persian].

Golparvar, M., Abedini, M., & Shahangi, H. (2015). The role of the just and unjust world belief in the link between exhaustion and job stress with unethical behavior: propagation a theory in Iran. Journal of Psychological Methods and Models, 4(15),103-117.

Golparvar, M., & Javadian, Z. (2012). Cognitive distinction in believing in a fair world in men and women. Quarterly Journal of Strategic Women Studies, 13(50), 126-152. [Persian].

Golparvar, M., Kamkar, M., & Javadi, S. (2007). Relation between just world beliefs for self and others with general health, life satisfaction, positive and negative affect and automatic thoughts. The Quarterly Journal of Science & Research, 9(31), 39-68. [Persian].

Golparvar, M., & Khaksar, S. (2010). The role of justice ideologies and just and unjust world belief on behavioral and evaluative justice of college students distress. Journal of Research in Behavioral Sciences, 8(1), 24-32. [Persian].

Golparvar, M., & Oreizi, H. R. (2007). A comparative study on men and women’s attitude toward the fairness of the world. The Quarterly Journal of Women’s Research, 4(4), 95-114. [Persian].

Gray, M. (2000). Coping behavior and life style in hemodialysis patients. Journal of Med Sci. 13(3), 167-73.

Gustems-Carnicer, J., & Calderon, C. (2012). Coping strategies and psychological well-being among teacher education students coping and well-being in students. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28(4). 

Hafer, C. L., & Olson, J. M. (1998). Individual diffrences in the belief in a just word and responses to personal misfortune. In Montada, L., & M. J. Lerner (Eds), Response to Victimization and Belief in a Just World, New York: plenum. 65-86.

Haghshenas, Z., Nouri, R., Moradi, A., & Sarami, Gh. (2014). Evaluation of coping styles and metacognitive beliefs in students with test anxiety: Investigation the mediating role of coping styles. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1(2), 30-40. [Persian].

Hobbs, K. (2015). Which factors influence the development of post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with burn injuries? A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Burns, 41, 421-430.

Jafari, A., Omidimajd, M., & Esfandiari, Z. (2013). The relationship between personality characteristics and coping with job stress among nurses, 1(4), 36-44. [Persian].

Jafarnejad, P. (2005). Relationship between five factors of personality, coping style and mental health in university students. Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 35(1), 51-74. [Persian].

Jiang, H., Chen, G., & Wang, T. (2017). Relationship between belief in a just world and Internet altruistic behavior in a sample of Chinese undergraduates: Multiple mediating roles of gratitude and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 493-498.

Jiang, F., Yue, X., Lu, S., & Zhu, F. (2016). How belief in a just world benefits mental health: The effects of optimism and gratitude. Journal of Social Indicators Research,126(1), 411–423.

Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping, New York, Springer.

Leblebici, B., Adam, M., Bagis, S., Tarim, A. M., Noyan, T., & Akman, M. N., et al. (2006). Quality of life after burn injury: the impact of joint contracture. Journal of Burn Care Res, 27(6), 864-8.

Lerner, M., & Miller, D. (1978). Just world research and the attribution processes: Looking back and ahead. Journal of Psychological Bulletin, 85, 1030-51.

Liang, C. T. H., & Borders, A. (2012). Beliefs in an unjust world mediate the associations between perceived ethnic discrimination and psychological functioning. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 528-533.

Lieber, J. M. (2008). Coping style, personality and adolescent adjustment 10 years post–burn. Journal of Burns, 34(2), 775-782.

Logsetty, S., Shamlou, A., Gawaziuk, J., March, J., Doupe, M., Chateau, D., Hoppensack, M., & Khan, S., et al. (2016). Mental health outcomes of burn: A longitudinal population-based study of adults hospitalized for burns. Journal of Burn, 42(4), 738-744.

Mc Parland, J. L., & Knussen, C. (2010). Just world beliefs moderate the relationship of pain intensity and disability with psychological distress in chronic pain support group members. European Journal of Pain, 14, 71-76.

Nazari, R. (2012). Investigation the relationship between belief in a just world with stress coping styles and Self-concept in Prisoners. Masterʼs dissertation of psychology, Sistan and Balochestan University. [Persian].

Piko, B. (2001). Gender differences and similarities in adolescents ways of coping. Psychological Record, 51, 223-236.

Ra, Y., & Trusty, J. (2015). Coping Strategies for Managing Acculturative Stress among Asian InternationalStudents, International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 37(4), 313-329.

Safavibayat, Z., Ghasemi, M., Mohtashami, J., Naderi, N., & Akbarzadeh, A. (2010). Correlation coping strategies employed after release and health status of patients referred to Tehran Burn Hospital. Journal of Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing & Midwifery, 19(61), 36-47. [Persian].

Sanjuan, P., & Magallares, A. (2015). Coping strategies as mediator variables between explanatory styles and depressive symptoms. Anales de Psicología, 31, 447-451.

Scott, C. (2008). Belief in a just world: A case study in public health ethics. The Hasting Center Report, 38(1), 16-19.

Shokri, A., Moradi, A., Farzad, V., Sangari, A., Ghanayi, M., & Rezai, A. (2006). Role of personality traits and coping strategies in mental health: exposure causal models. Journal of new cognitive sciences, 7(1), 28-38. [Persian].

Somerfield, M. R., & Mccrae, R. R. (2000). Stress and coping research. American Psychologist, 55, 620-625.

Sutton, R. M., & Douglas, K. M. (2005). Justice for all, or just for me? More support for the self-other distinction in just-world beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 39,  637- 645. 

Tomaka, J., & Blascovitch, J. (1994). Effects of justice beliefs on cognitive appraisal of and subjective, Physiological and behavioral responses to potential stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 732-740.

Willberand, M. (2003). Coping, personality and cognitive process in burn injured patients. Thesis of doctor of philosoghy. Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University. Sweden.

Word Health Organization (2008). Disease and Injury Regional Mortality Estimates. Health statistics and information systems.

Yabanglu, H., Yagmurdur, M., Taskintuna, N., & Karakayali, H. (2012). Early period psychiatric disorders following burn trauma and the importance of surgical factors in the etiology. Trauma and & Emergency Surgy, 18(5), 436-440.

Zeidner, M., & Endler, N. S. (1996). Handbook of coping: theory, research application. Willy and Son Publisher.

Zheng, X., Zhang, T., & Yuan, Q. (2012). Self-esteem and internet altruistic behavior: Mediating role of empathy. The Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 20(4), 550–553.