Investigation of the Causal Relationship between Academic Motivation and Academic Engagement with the Mediating Role of Achievement Emotions and Academic Hardiness in Students


Department of Educational Psychology Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz


The aim of this study was to test the causal relationship between academic motivation and academic engagement with mediating role of achievement emotions and academic hardiness. 280 first year female high school students of Dezful city were selected by multiple stage random sampling. The instruments used in this study was the Revised Academic Hardiness Scale (2005), Tinio's Academic Engagement Scale (2009), Academic Motivation Scale (1989) and Pekrun's Achievement Emotion Questionnaire (2002). The current study plan was descriptive-correlative and the fitness of the proposed model was examined through structural equation modeling. The indirect effects were tested by using bootstrap procedure. The findings indicated that model fitted the data and all the direct paths were significant except external motivation to negative emotions. Also, all the indirect paths were significant.