Designing a Native Pattern for Improving Counselors' Performances in Schools


1 Department of Psychology University of Zanjan

2 Department of Education University of Zanjan

3 Department of Teachers’ Education of Piran Shahr

4 Department of Psychology Zanjan, Islamic Azad University


The main goal of this study was to design a model to empower school counselors.The sample included 370 subjects. Interviews and researcher-designed questionnaires were used for data collection. The analysis is based on the data obtained and the parameters of interest in the initial model. There was another questionnaire used to validate the model.The quantitative results ofmulti-variable regression analysis indicated that the correlations between Intrapersonal, Meta-personal and Interpersonal factors with traumatic factors were equal to.296. The coefficient of determination was.088 which means these three variables together explained 8.8 percent of the traumatic variable variance.The severity of the impact and significance of the coefficient of determination was also significant (p=.05، β =.124). The qualitative findings revealed that interpersonal factors more than other factors predict the vulnerability of the counseling activities. This suggests that among the types of traumas, the most traumasare related to the interpersonal counseling activities of school counselors’ performance. Accordingly, the development and introduction of a performance improvement model for the school counselors can lead to empowerment of school counselors.