The Effects of the Environmental Design on Job Satisfaction and Work Stress among the Personnel in Hospitals


1 Department of Psychology PNU Univercity

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Environmental psychology is effective in reformation of occupational environments. Applying a kind of scenery and environmental design based on principles of the environmental psychology can influence various indicators of human psychology. The aim of this study is to study the influence of environmental design on job satisfaction. The research design was quasi experimental. A sample of 186 participants were selected through convenient sampling from three different parts of  Khatam Al Anbia hospital, then Smith and Kendal job satisfaction scale (1996) and Mc Vicar work stress questionnaire (2003) were applied to them. Data were analyzed using the MANOVA method, followed by Tukey post-hoc test. The survey results demonstrated that those who work in an environment designed with natural elements (group1) compared to the rest of the staff in the hospital showed greater job satisfaction and less work stress (P