The Effects of Meta-Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies on Anxious Thoughts and Meta-Cognitive Beliefs of Students with Generalized Anxiety Disorder


Department of Psychology University of Mohaghegh Ardabili


The  aim  of  the  present  research  was  to  determine  the  effects  of  meta-cognitive and cognitive-behavior therapies on anxious thoughts and meta-cognitive beliefs of the  students with  generalized anxiety disorder. The  sample  consisted  of  60  participants randomly  selected  from the  high  school male students with generalized anxiety disorder in  Massal city, and were  assigned  randomly  to  two experimental   and one control groups. To collect data the Meta-cognition Questionnaire and the Anxious Thoughts Inventory were used. Data were analyzed using covariance analysis. The results  showed that  significant  differences exist  between  the  experimental groups  and the control  group  in the  variables  of  meta-cognitive  beliefs and anxious thoughts. Multi-comparison tests revealed that meta-cognitive therapy was more effective in modifying the dysfunctional meta-cognitive beliefs and decreasing the anxious thoughts than the cognitive-behavior therapy. Results provided support for the more effective role of meta-cognitive therapy in decreasing anxiety and modifying the dysfunctional meta-cognitive beliefs.