The Mediating Role of Psychological Mindfulness in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Psychological Well-being

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Department of psychology, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Researcher & Counsellor of Education & Training, Tehran, Iran.

10.22034/ijpb.2021.279555.1226

Abstract

Human resources are one of the most important assets of an organization, and improving the psychological well-being of employees is one of the most important tasks of managers. This study aimed to estimate the role of psychological capital and mindfulness on Structural modeling of psychological well-being. Statistical population consisted of all education employees in Tehran's education staff in 2019. The sample consisted of 610 participants selected randomly from the population. In this research, the following scales were used, including; Psychological Wellbeing Questionnaire of Ryff & Keyes (1995), the Psychological Capital Scale of Luthans & Avolio(2007) and the Mindfulness Questionnaire of Baer (2006). Data analysis was done using SEM and Amos20 Software. The obtained results showed that the research model fit indicators were reliable, and the proposed model had an optimal fit. According to this study's findings, it can be concluded that the psychological capital variable incurs direct and indirect effects (due to mindfulness) which is a positive and significant predictor for the psychological well-being of employees (t-value = 5.091, p<0.05, and 95% CI). The results indicate the importance of the role of psychological capital and mindfulness in predicting psychological well-being. Therefore, the level of psychological well-being of employees can be improved with proper planning to strengthen psychological capital and mindfulness.

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