Study the Relationship between Hardiness and Hope with Life Satisfaction in Managers

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Clinical Psychology Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran



The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between hardiness, hope and life satisfaction in organizational managers worked in Education Ministry of Ahvaz, Iran. The research method of this study was multiple correlatives in nature which hardiness and hope are considered as predictor variables and the life satisfaction is as a predictable variable. A sum of 164 organizational managers in Ahvaz Education Ministry was selected through random cluster sampling. Participants completed the personal view survey (PVS), Diner’s life satisfaction scale (SWLS) and trait hope scale(THS). The data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. The results of this research showed that there was a significant positive relationship between hardiness personality traits, including its subscales commitment, control and challenge with hopefulness (including its subscales agency and pathway p


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